Web development script or Web script, is a computer programming or scripting language for adding dynamic capabilities to World Wide Web pages. Web pages marked up with HTML (hypertext markup language) or XML (extensible markup language) are largely static documents. Web scripting can add information to a page as a reader uses it or provides the reader to enter information on a given user interface.
CGI (common gateway interface) provides one mechanism to transmit requests and responses between the reader’s Web browser and the Web server that hosts the page. The CGI component on the server contains small programs called scripts that take information from the browser system or provide it for display. A simple script might ask the reader’s name, determine the Internet address of the system that the reader uses, and print a greeting. Scripts may be written in any programming language, but, because they are generally simple text-processing routines, computer scripting languages such as HTML, CSS, JS are particularly appropriate exampls.
Web development is broadly refers to the tasks associated with developing websites for hosting via intranet or internet. The web development process includes web design, web content development, client-side/server-side scripting and network security configuration, among other tasks. Web development is also known as website development. Web development ranges from creating plain text pages to complex web-based applications, social network applications and electronic business applications.
The web development hierarchy is as follows: